Granada is a Spanish province located in the Southeast peninsula, on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and in the cordillera Penibética, within the autonomous community of Andalusia. Its capital is the city of Granada.
To the Northeast it borders with the provinces of Albacete and Murcia; to the East with Almería; to the North with Jaén; to the West with Málaga and Córdoba; and to the South it looks out onto the Mediterranean.
Its area is 12,635 km2, its population is 922 928 inhabitants. (2012), of which approximately 25% live in the capital, and its population density is 72,41 people per km2. It is divided in 168 municipalities and 12 local autonomous entities (see anexo:municipio in the province of Granada), although during 2013 they will be 169 municipalities, after independence from Valderrubio.
The main population centres are Granada city and its Metropolitan Area (55%), the Granada coast (10.5%) with the municipalities of Almuñécar and Motril, second and third centres of provincial population respectively after the capital, and the internal areas of Guadix, Baza and Loja.
The highest peak of the Iberian peninsula, Mulhacén, with an altitude of 3,482 meters, is located in Granada. Share with the province of Almeria Sierra Nevada National Park.
It has a Mediterranean climate part in most of the territory, but also a mountain climate occurs in the highest, and subtropical coast part.
Andalucía is an autonomous community of Spain, with the status of a historic nationality, in accordance with the Statute of autonomy that governs it. It consists of the provinces of Almeria, Cadiz, Cordoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaen, Malaga and Seville.
Its capital is Seville, the city recognized by the Statute of autonomy as the headquarters of the Junta de Andalucía. The headquarters of the Superior Court of Justice of Andalusia is located in the city of Granada.
It is the most populated region of Spain (8 449 985 inhabitants to 1 January 2012) and the second largest, which explains its important position in Spain.
In general terms, the typical vegetation of Andalusia is Mediterranean forests, characterized by vegetation of Evergreen, and trees that adapt during the summer drought. There are abundant cork trees, pine trees, fir, among others, and of course the olive and almond trees.
The traditional cuisine of Andalusia is very varied. It forms part of the Mediterranean diet, based on olive oil, grains, legumes, vegetables, fish, nuts and meat; In addition to a long tradition of wine consumption.
Cured ham is produced in the highland areas of Sierra Morena and Sierra Nevada as the Sierra de Huelva ham Pedroches, of Trevélez. The three are denominations of origin and have a proven quality.