The province of Málaga is one of the eight Spanish provinces that make up the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is located to the South of the Iberian Peninsula, on the Mediterranean coast, between the provinces of Cadiz and Granada, East, West. To the North it borders the provinces of Cordoba and Seville. Its capital is the city of Malaga.
It has a surface of 7306 km² distributed in 101 municipalities, districts 9 and 11 judicial districts. Its population exceeds one million six hundred thousand inhabitants, according to the Census of 2012, being the second province of Andalucia and the sixth in Spain by population, overcoming widely in number of inhabitants to autonomous communities such as Aragon, Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, Extremadura, Murcia, Navarra and La Rioja.
The territory occupied by the province of Malaga was inhabited since ancient times, as the whole of dolmens of Antequera, the cave paintings of the cave of Nerja, the first known of humanity with more than 40,000 years old, the Pileta cave in Benaojan and the Treasure Cave in Rincón de la Victoria.
Dominated by the first Mediterranean colonizers, the Phoenicians in Malaka and Greeks in Tuscan and Mainake, the province was economic and commercial centre to the Carthaginians, Romans and Byzantines, and had historical antecedents as the old Muslim Kingdom of the Taifa of Málaga from the 11th century, being incorporated in its current configuration after the administrative division of 1833, complying with territories attached in that historical moment to the ancient kingdoms of Granada and Seville.
Andalucía is an autonomous community of Spain, with the status of a historic nationality, in accordance with the Statute of autonomy that governs it. It consists of the provinces of Almeria, Cadiz, Cordoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaen, Malaga and Seville.
Its capital is Seville, the city recognized by the Statute of autonomy as the headquarters of the Junta de Andalucía. The headquarters of the Superior Court of Justice of Andalusia is located in the city of Granada.
It is the most populated region of Spain (8 449 985 inhabitants to 1 January 2012) and the second largest, which explains its important position in Spain.
In general terms, the typical vegetation of Andalusia is Mediterranean forests, characterized by vegetation of Evergreen, and trees that adapt during the summer drought. There are abundant cork trees, pine trees, fir, among others, and of course the olive and almond trees.
The traditional cuisine of Andalusia is very varied. It forms part of the Mediterranean diet, based on olive oil, grains, legumes, vegetables, fish, nuts and meat; In addition to a long tradition of wine consumption.
Cured ham is produced in the highland areas of Sierra Morena and Sierra Nevada as the Sierra de Huelva ham Pedroches, of Trevélez. The three are denominations of origin and have a proven quality.